The term medical malpractice typically conjures up images of heart, brain or other surgeries gone dramatically wrong. One doesn't typically think of a dental procedure in California as being a candidate for a malpractice case. But dental malpractice is an issue and there was a tragic case in another state.
Surgical precision is a term that is frequently used to describe something that must be carried out with accuracy and great attention to detail. There is a reason the term has entered the lexicon and it's because surgery does require those two qualities to be successful. One aspect of surgery that must be precise is that the number of items used to perform a surgery, such as needles, sponges, clamps and so on, must equal the number of those items that are present at the end of the surgery. In California and elsewhere, failure to meet that criteria could result in personal injury to the patient by an item being left inside the patient after the surgeon closes any incisions.